Below is a table that refers to the Sections of Medieval Europe.
|Section Title||Information of Section|
|The Early Middle Ages||The interaction of different societies brings about the development of new ideas, art, and technology. During the Middle Ages, Western Europe built a new civilization based on Christian, Roman, and Germanic ways.|
|Feudalism||Different social, exonomic, and political classes can exist in a society. A new social and governmental structure called feudalism arose in Europe.|
|Kingdoms and Crusades||Studying the past helps to understand the present. The kingdoms of Europe, especially England, established new systems of government that influence modern democratic thought.|
|The Church and Society||Religion influences how civilization develops and how culture spreads. Religion in medieval Europe helped to shape European culture.|
|The Late Middle Ages||Conflict ofens brings about great change. Disease and war took the lives of millions of people in the late Middle Ages.|
|The Holy Roman Empire and the Rise of Catholic Church||The Angles and Saxons invaded Britain, the Franks created an empire in Western Europe, and the Saxons created a German kindom that became the Holy Roman Empire. After the fall of Rome, Monks helped spread Christianity throughout Europe, and Catholic Church became strong in the early Middle Ages.|
|Trade and Cities||Increased trade led to the growth of towns and cities and the rise of guilds and city governments.|
|Common Law, Magna Carta, Pabeaus Corpus, and Parliament||Henry II and the Common Law allowed the development of juries to utilized the law courts for Henry to increase his power. The English king granted rights to his people in the Magna Carta and established the parliament and habeaus corpus.The English Kings regained French territories from the English and, like the English, created a parliament.|
|Medieval Art, Architecture, Literature, and University.||In medieval Europe, a number of universities opened, large Christians churches known as cathedrals were built, and European languages developed. Many churches and government leaders supported learning and the arts in medieval Europe.|
|Joan of Arc||Western Europe was devastated by war in the 1300s and 1400s, as England and France fought each other and Spain and Portugal fought against the Muslims. Wars between England and France weakened those countries' economies, and Spain became a united Catholic country. Between these times of devestation, there was a famous and courageous woman named, "Joan of Arc".|
The Early Middle Ages
- Geography influenced where medieval Europeans settled and what they did.
- The Franks, Angles, and Saxons of Western Europe built new societies and defended them against Muslims, Magyars, and Vikings.
- The Catholic Church spread Christianity through Western Europe.
- Feudalism developed in Europe in the Middle Ages. It was based on landowning, loyalty, and the power of armored knights on horseback.
- Knights followed a code of chivalry and lived in castles, while peasants lived in simple houses and worked hard all year long.
- Increased trade led to the growth of towns and cities and the rise of guilds and city governments.
Kingdoms and Crusades
- England developed a system in which the king's power was shared with Parliament.
- French kings called the Capetians conquered lands held by English in western France and set up Frane's first parliament.
- After the Mongols destroyed the Kievan state, the rulers of Moscow built a new Russian State.
- Crusaders from Europe captured Jerusalem but were later driven out by the Muslims.
The Church and Society
- The Catholic Church played an important role in medieval Europe and used its power to uphold its teachings.
- Church and government leaders supported learning and the arts in medieval Europe.
The Late Middle Ages
- A terrible plague, known as the Black Death, swept through Europe in the 1300s, killing millions.
- Western Europe was devastated by war in 1300s and 1400s, as England and France fought each other and Spain and Portugal fought against the Muslim.